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Virechan or Virechana Karma is a purification therapy to detox the body and mind and is one of the five sacred, healing therapies of the Panchakarma. Like in the other Ayurvedic treatments and therapies, the Virechan is given after properly judging the type of disease and tolerance of the patient.


  • Dosha Shodhana: expelling the morbid doshas from the body

Virachana therapy is defined as the medicated purgation therapy, which cleanses the Pitta and purifies blood, by clearing the toxins from the body. The treatment concentrates on the toxins that are accumulated in the liver and gall bladder. The gastrointestinal tract is also cleansed by Virachana therapy.

This treatment is usually administered for three days after Vamana treatment, but its duration may vary from case to case. In fact, Virechan can be administered directly after Purva karma, without undergoing the Vamana therapy that precedes Virechan.


While performing the Virechan, the vitiated doshas are eliminated through the rectum. The drugs used for the purgation therapy vitiate the doshas and bring them into the abdomen. During the procedure, the patient is subjected to Oleation first, then Fomentation, which is followed by Emesis and Samsarjana Karma (postoperative). The internal Oleation is followed for three to seven days. Thereafter, a medicated steam bath is performed for three days. A light and warm diet are prescribed for the patient, a day before starting Virechan karma. However, certain factors like body and mind constitution, age of the person, the mental condition should be considered, while opting for Virechan karma.

Effect on Tridosha:
Virechan treatment is indicated in the following cases:

  • High Pitta conditions – like skin disorders, blisters, abscess, liver disorders etc.
  • Pitta associated with Kapha, where Pitta is the dominant Dosha, as in certain types of vomiting, acid peptic disorders etc.
  • Pitta associated with Vata, as in case of gout.

Virechan therapy is recommended and is highly beneficial for the following:

  • Detoxification in case of accumulation of Pitta dosha
  • Eliminates toxin accumulation in the GI tract
  • Effective treatment for piles, constipation, acidity, ulcers, liver/ spleen diseases, jaundice, inflammations
  • Cleanses body from poisoning
  • Cures mild and chronic skin disorders
  • Relives headaches, anemia, pain in the large intestine, non-healing wounds- Helps manage diabetes, asthma and heart diseases
  • Reduces gynecological disorders